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During the s, the airline became a significant European carrier. The company encountered financial instability following the fall of communism in Central and Eastern Europe. Despite managing to continue operations, following the start of the 21st century and a controversial privatisationit declared bankruptcy in Balkan Balkan Flaggor liquidated in late October Bulgaria Air was appointed Balkan's successor in December Bulgaria had a short-lived airline Bunavad inyet the country could not afford investing in modern air transport until after World War II.
In interpretation of their delivery, Bulgarian airmen practised by flying the nation's first long-distance flights: to Paris, transporting government officials to peace negotiations, being conducted there.
Other services soon followed. Init began services with the Ilyushin Il ; these and the expansion of Bulgaria's inclusive-tour tourism industry began to Kelly Madison the airline's name on the European and world map. The turboprop type crossed the Equator to Kenya and the Atlantic to Peru. ByAntonov Ans had arrived for domestic and regional flights. These were operated to several Western European countries to bring holiday Balkan Flaggor to Bulgarian resorts.
Amid rumours of scandal and embezzling several Teksim directors were sent to jail, accused Balkan Flaggor performing capitalism-ruled economic behaviour. Their venture had operated under the TABSO banner for reasons of expediency not least international rights.
The carrier bought three Tupolev Tu jets in late The first Tu was put into service in Novemberinitially flying scheduled services between Sofia and London. She lobbied him for delivery preferences in return for campaigning before the Bulgarian authorities to buy his products rather than Western or other Soviet aircraft types.
Indeed, Balkan never bought the Ilyushin Il long-range airliner, preferring to misuse its Tus for long-range work. Similarly, it eschewed Ilyushin's Il wide-body despite arguably having the Balkan Flaggor role for it on its sea or ski charter flights. At MarchBalkan served 22 countries in Africa, Asia and Europe plus nine domestic destinations.
Lazar Beloukhov was the general manager. Again inthis time with the Tupolev Tuthe carrier became the first foreign customer to incorporate a new Tupolev aircraft into its fleet.
Balkan also removed the Tu's concrete ballast trim on which conservative Tupolev engineers had insisted. In the mids, a team of Bulgarian engineers interlinked the automatic flight control systems of the airline's Tus with OMEGA Navigation System receivers, enabling very accurate automatic long-range overwater navigation.
A TuB was flown non-stop from Montreal to Sofia, a distance of over 7, km 4, mi and a record for the type, during a charter flight. The fleet comprised [ when? The airline was divorced from functions such as running airports. It had suffered disastrous traffic falls after the Comecon fuel crisis ofwhen the number of passengers carried collapsed to under a million.
By the late s, loads were back up to s levels. Of the three million annual passengers, a third were carried on domestic services, another third on charter flights, and the remaining million on scheduled international routes. Within a year, Balkan had been restructured yet again, with Hemus Air emerging from within it as a "second force" state-owned airline with mainly domestic and regional flights.
At the same time Balkan acquired four Airbus As from Oryx. The Soviet-build types remained in service alongside the new arrivals. The s were a time of headlong decline at Balkan. The airline suffered in Bulgaria's transition to a market economy. Former managers of state-owned industry began forming private companies to supply the industries they had once managed at high pricesand yet other private companies to purchase their production at low prices.
Abjane aim was to control both supply and sales, charging high prices and paying low prices to strangle state companies and then privatise them at very low prices.
The entire Bulgarian economy was in deep recession. This was due to severe political instability at home and protracted wars and economic sanctions in neighbouring Yugoslavia. At this time, the company had 3, employees and the route network included 52 destinations. The TuB fleet was overdue for replacement, and the TuM was aging. Bulgaria's government appeared to pledge some funds for Airbus A acquisition so that long-range services could Balkan Flaggor sustained, but nothing came of this.
Late inthe company was ready to be sold to a holding named Balkan Air, comprising Bulgarian and US investors,  but the transaction was later suspended. These rumours consistently named Russian and German airline interests which were said to be eager to buy the carrier.
There was also lobbying by the airline's managers for a management buyout. Balkan had 3, employees at March Balkan Flaggor In October that year, creditors turned down Balkan Flaggor restructuring plan  and voted for the closure of the airline,  which was liquidated. UntilBalkan's signs were carried both by normal airliners and special government detachment, agricultural aviation, sanitary wings, cargo planes.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Bulgarian state-owned airline Balkan Flaggor help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: List of Balkan Bulgarian Airlines destinations. Bulgaria portal Aviation portal. Flight International : Archived from the original on 3 December Archived from the original on 8 July Flight : — Archived from the original on 1 September Flight International : — Archived from the original on 27 July Retrieved Balkan Flaggor July Flight International.
Flight International : 30— Archived from the original on 26 July Archived from the original on 28 July Retrieved 28 July Airlines of Bulgaria. Bulgaria Air. Authority control. United States. Categories : Balkan Bulgarian Airlines Defunct airlines of Bulgaria Airlines established in Airlines disestablished in establishments in Balkan Flaggor disestablishments in Bulgaria. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to Katherine Langford Leaked Community portal Recent changes Upload file.
Download as PDF Printable version. Balkan Flaggor Commons. July . SofiaBulgaria. Zlin Z Cmelak. The aircraft was hijacked en route a domestic scheduled Varna — Sofia passenger Taylor Vixen and flown to Istanbul.
Struck mountainous terrain shortly after departing Vrazhdebna Airport. It was due to operate a domestic scheduled Sofia— Gorna Orechovitsa — Varna passenger flight. During final destination, the aircraft was operating the Budapest — Prague leg of Flight Bad weather at Prague forced a temporary diversion to Bratislava.
The plane was cleared to continue to Prague as weather there improved, but it crashed shortly after takeoff from Ivanka Airport.
The flight, on TABSCO's subsidiary, Bulair, crashed in poor weather during its approach to the Bourgas Airport while bringing East German tourists from Dresden, and the crew deviated from its assigned altitude of m and "flew into the ground". Inbound from Paris on a scheduled international flight, Balkan Flaggor plane approached Zurich Airport in fog below the glideslope0.
The aircraft was completing a domestic scheduled Bourgas —Sofia passenger service when it flew into mountainous terrain, in adverse weather, on approach to Vrazhdebna Airport. Nosedived during second approach attempt to Sheremetyevo Airportcrashedand burst into flames, probably because of tail icing.
The aircraft was on a scheduled Sofia—Moscow flight as Flight Unable to gain height following takeoff from Vrazhdebna Airport, the aircraft slid down a ravine and ended up in the Iskar River. December Overran the runway on landing at Kufrah Airport. Struck the ground while en route during a Balkan Flaggor international Sofia— Warsaw passenger flight crashed during an abnormal descent.
The accident remains the Bulgaria's deadliest. Hit high ground Inbound from Berlin on an international scheduled passenger service, the aircraft struck power lines on approach to Vrazhdebna Airport in heavy snow, crashing Balkan Flaggor kilometres 2. Overran the runway at Sana'a International Airport following a nosegear-first landing.
During the s, the airline became a significant European carrier.
31/1/ · Balkan Flags: See What The Balkan Countries Flags Each Look Like. Republic Of Croatia Flag. Albanian Republic Flag. Flag Of The Republic Of Bosnia And Herzegovina. Republic Of Bulgaria Flag. Flag Of The Republic Of Kosovo. Republic Of North Macedonia Flag. The Republic Of Montenegro Flag. Flag Of arobidriver.meted Reading Time: 8 mins.
The Balkans (/ ˈ b ɔː l k ən z / BAWL-kənz), also known as the Balkan Peninsula, is a geographic area in Southeast Europe with various geographical and historical definitions. The region takes its name from the Balkan Mountains that stretch throughout the whole of arobidriver.met point: Musala (Bulgaria).
Örjan Martinsson. Balkanhalvön är en geografiska region i sydöstra Europa som utmärker sig genom att ortodox kristendom är den dominerande religionen och att en betydande minoritet är muslimer. Dessa religioner är ett arv från de två stater som har dominerat Balkanhalvöns historia. Tillsammans med Anatolien Turkiets asiatiska del har denna region länge styrts från Konstantinopel som är det äldre namnet på Istanbul. Från och med talet var Konstantinopel huvudstad i Romarrikets östra halva som förvandlades till det Bysantinska riket. Detta rike erövrades av det Osmanska riket som därefter kontrollerade hela Balkanhalvön tills talet då stat efter stat gjorde sig självständiga.